The truth about antibiotics

truth about antibiotics

Let’s talk antibiotics. It’s a serious epidemic of overuse that will result in 10 million deaths every year.

So far on this site, we have explored the roots of biotechnology , probable future scenarios and the undeniable impact biotech can have in medicine. We recognize that biotech can be as dangerous as it can also act as a saving grace for us.

We won’t be talking about potential benefits of replacing some organs with their man-made counterparts. Today we simply looking at antibiotics.

Billionaires want more billions

By now, you have probably heard one story about the use, or rather the overuse of, antibiotics. This is a direct result of the human greed. Billionaires want more billions. So, to save money they pump animals with growth hormones and antibiotics. As a result, viruses adapt to antibiotics and develop immunity. And people die.

antibiotic resistance

We should be aware and vocal on this issue. It’s more serious than a simple case of owners at your preferred casinos wanting to earn more. This is people’s health we are talking about.

Our question is this: can we rely on bio technology to help us in this regard?

Luckily, the answer is yes. Several different solutions are already in development like nano-robots, however a particularly happy news comes from the UK. A bio tech company named Motif Bio claims to have found a solution that is already ready for the market (however, it is yet to be submitted to the FDA for approval).

Iclaprim is a ‘potent Gram-positive bacteria killer’. In layman’s terms this is a new type of antibiotics that bacteria do not have immunity. It’s non-toxic to kidneys as opposed to our current antibiotics. But the bad news is that over time bacteria can get used to Iclaprim as well.

Overall, the technology is moving forward with the help of the governments and private funds. We are positive that biotech can produce an answer to the antibiotic problem.

Gram-positive bacteria kille

But not yet. Antibiotic overuse is wide spread and global. Currently, the estimate is that by 2050 every year resistance to antibiotics will kill over 10 million people (which is 14 times higher than today). If you want to know more, please support the works of the AiCuris, aforementioned Motif Bio, a company from Israel RedHill BioPharma  and other.

These companies are trying out different strategies and methods on diagnosing infections faster and targeting resistant bacteria. But they need our help. We are all on the same team, working on the same goal. On a life-saving goal.

 

 

Biotechnology in medicine: a new revolution

Biotechnology in medicine

Instead of simply conducting clinical trials, scientists are already studying the general mechanisms of the occurrence of diseases.

The importance of biology for medicine: cannot be overestimated

With the help of biological modelling, it is possible to develop and study the action of new substances. More than 400 pharmaceutical companies around the world are engaged in research and development of genetic engineering products, with each year the number of these products is pharmaceutical companies pillsgrowing, and it is projected that in the next few years the market will be saturated with such drugs.

 

Many researchers believe that the influence of genetics on medicine can make a revolution in the understanding of human health; for this there is every reason – medical genetics is developed by leaps and bounds.

Forecasts are as follows:

in 2010, the market already had available genetic tests for the 25 most common genetic diseases,

by 2020, according to experts, new drugs obtained with the knowledge of pharmacogenomics will be a common practice in the treatment of diabetes and hypertension,

by 2040 (according to the most conservative estimates) there will come an era of personalized medicine.

What is biotechnology and its role

dna

The biotechnological revolution in healthcare and medicine began with the development of recombinant DNA technology

(genetic engineering). It happened in the early 70s of the last century and allowed scientists to transfer genetic material from one organism to another, bypassing the process of sexual reproduction.

The success of recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology has brought the use of bacterial enzymes, such as:

  • restriction endonuclease (restrictase), which cut DNA molecules in certain places;
  • DNA ligases that connect the ends of DNA molecules;
  • DNA polymerases that are involved in DNA replication.

Whatever the use of this technology, the final outcome of the procedure is always stable and heritable expression of some new feature. RDNA is used to modify various organisms, but the main stages of work are similar. In addition to plasmids, other types of vectors are also used: bacteriophages, retroviruses and cosmids.

The importance of biology for medicine: the creation of RDNA

To create a RDNA molecule, it is necessary:

  • Isolate DNA from a donor cell (be it an animal cell or plant cell).
  • Treat the isolated DNA and plasmid (molecule-vector) with the same restriction enzymes and mix them together. The “sticky ends” of the donor DNA form hydrogen bonds with the sticky ends of the plasmid, then the cross-linking of the recombinant molecule with ligases takes place.
  • The modified plasmid is transferred to the bacterium, which then increases copies of the genetic information that we have contributed to the plasmid.

Biomolecules

Successes in increasing the importance of biology for medicine, in the field of creating recombinant biomolecules, deepened our fundamental knowledge about the molecular basis of human diseases and this served as the primary reason for creating a new applied science – molecular medicine.

Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer in their works in 1973 laid a foothold for the further development of biotechnology. Our technology is becoming so advanced each day and biotechnology in medicine or pay by phone casino site is just a few examples. All parts of our life are changing. We might as well be able to play online gambling games in our late 120s. Everything is ahead of us.

So, what is biotechnology?

Biotechnology is often compared to a flaming star, because in the future it will be able to open many opportunities for mankind. The human genome has already been sequenced and now the challenge is to understand how this huge array of genes functions, and how this knowledge can be used in pharmacology and clinical practice.

Advances in the field of “omics” (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) are already changing our approach to the development of new medicines, because this brings real economic and practical benefits.

Proteomics

The approach to gene therapy also needs to be reviewed. Bioinformatics and proteomics are relatively young sciences, but already now they are placed on the hope of solving the issue of understanding how bacterial proteomes adapt to changing environmental conditions. This will make a breakthrough in pharmacogenomics and bring the concept of personalized medicine closer to embodiment.

New classes of drugs will expand the spectrum of therapeutic intervention beyond simple changes in receptor function and, together with the use of stem cells for treatment, will allow for more precise interventions.

DNA microarrays

pharmacogenomics

Such highly efficient technologies as DNA microarrays, already now clearly demonstrate what biotechnology is, allow simultaneous genetic analysis of hundreds of genes and find application in diagnosis, prognosis of the course of the disease, and drug therapy.

Proteomics, molecular biology and nanotechnology raise the importance of biology to medicine to new heights, bring victory to the diseases of the central system, as well as malignant neoplasms of blood. These achievements now allow us to shift the scope of life expectancy in developed countries. This is facilitated by research in the field of transplantology and molecular nanotechnology.

Advances in biotechnology in the fieldAdvances in biotechnology in the field of creating more effective vaccines cannot be overemphasized, moreover, it served as a stimulus for further research in the field of microbiology. Vaccines of the new generation, in particular recombinant vaccines, are less reactogenic than traditional vaccines, but unfortunately, immunogenicity suffers from this, so new, more effective adjuvants are needed.

The importance of biology for medicine and biotechnology is growing day by day thanks to the support of private biotech companies and world-renowned scientists. But already now it becomes obvious that this phenomenon is not temporary and significantly accelerates progress not only in the areas of understanding the fundamental foundations of the existence of biological objects, but also in application-oriented areas such as medicine.

Let’s Play God in Bio

God in Bio

Elon Musk is probably the most talked-about man in the planet right now. Except a certain president of a certain country. In any case, Musk is making news on a range of technology fronts like his Hyperloop, Moon and Mars colonies , etc. That’s what he’s always been like when he created PayPal and other endeavours.  

Recently, he’s been criticizing governments with the lack of ambition “It’s 2017, I mean, we should have a lunar base by now. What the hell’s going on? 

That’s what I love about this man. He’s right that all the petty stuff holds us back. We should have been way more advanced. That’s why I wish for a Musck-like mind in biotechnology. 

We need bold decisions 

decisions

Instead, all we see is a backlash after each great advancement. For example, recently Chinese scientists were able to clone edit a dog. Knowing how hard is it to clone dogs, this is a huge step forward that will allow cost effective studies into cloning. Yet, as always, here comes the backlash .   

People will often say that we shouldn’t play God.  

But we know nothing 

we know nothing

We could have free will or be an alien child’s science project. We don’t know.  

So, when kids dream of Inspector Gadget-like powers, we should never discourage them (rather, show them courses ). Adults have their own heroes. Like on this site you will find many such examples in games like the Terminator, RoboCop, etc. And I think that’s what we need more of – a gamified attitude towards biotechnology.  

Now I understand that we live in an oversensitive world where an improper comment can cost you your job. Even if that comment comes from a tweet you wrote as a joke one night in college. But I will say this only once. To everything I say, please add ‘with a degree of common sense’.  

Yes, I want more experiments in biotechnology, more brave attempts at cloning, at gene splicing. 

That doesn’t mean I want to see Catdog in real life just for the fun of it. 

If you don’t know what a Catdog is, here’s the intro to one of the episodes:  

In any case, in my mind we should stop looking at ethics on everything we do. Biotechnologies require creating creatures and then killing them, and then doing that all over again. But it is for the common good, for the well-being of the humanity.  

Besides, the world is too complex to be worried about what some millennial blogger will write on social media. The world is full of hypocrites who think that the only way is to shut everyone else up. The culture of outrage.  

The problem is, in biotechnology you must get your hands dirty, figuratively speaking. With well wishes for everyone you will achieve nothing in 100 years. Only bravery can lead to cancer cure, brain transplants and anything else we can dream of.  

How Soon Will You Have a Fidget Spinner Implant?

Where is technology going?

Please note that this is a completely hypothetical discussion where I let my mind wonder and speculate about the future.

I am truly fascinated by advances in bio medicine and technology. However, I can not say it’s only because I care about disabled people. Of course I do, but I believe we are on a road to something much more spectacular. Sort of like Mr. Gadget but with a fidget spinner. You would have to buy fidget toys on your own, though. Confused?

Hear me out.

My Theory on Cyborgs of the Future

If you look around, you will see numerous ‘first times’ in medicine. More than any other time in history Just a couple of months ago doctors in Ontario performed the first blood-transfusion operation on an unborn child. Not to mention everyday technological advances helping attach people mechanic limbs, helping them see and hear for the first time and much more.

As soon as we manage to fix disabilities, where do you think we will go next? I am willing to bet my life’s earnings that we will start using technology to enhance our bodies pretty soon. Why wouldn’t we? From amoeba to the modern man we as a species have always strived for greatness. Some see that in colonizing Mars, I see that in becoming cyborgs. If I could replace my old, cramping leg for one that is 10x stronger and faster, why wouldn’t I do that? Sure, there will be debates on where human ends and a robot begins but honestly, who cares? If you can make your body better, do it.

Small problem – Humans

However, understanding the human mind also makes me believe that in addition to better hearts, stronger arms we will also be able to buy fidget toys, yo-yos or any other entertainment gadgets of the time as enhancements for your new body. Ghost in the shell of sorts.

Knowing that for beauty people will take booty fat and put in in their lips, wouldn’t surprise me if we saw operations to enhance bodies for entertainment. Like, implanting oxygen tanks to breathe underwater, using microchips and lasers to see in the dark or simply have retractable fidget spinner attachments in your palms.

Technology is fascinating as it is scary. We can now grow meat in labs, stem cell research may eliminate the need for donors in the next 10 years. Add using 3D printers for new body parts to the equation and who can deny that the future holds extraordinary stuff for us?

But we are humans. We will probably start by using these amazing technological advances in the pornography industry first. Or war.

What is trending in Biotechnology?

Biotechnology

Biotechnology is also popular in forensics

It is further limited by financial factors. Santa Cruz Biotech, among the huge suppliers, is getting from a huge region of the company.

At this point you are going to want to be promoting the exploration of various majors and careers in order for your teen has a very good idea about what opportunities may be available to them. PipelineA biotech’s pipeline is everything, and it’s the origin of the business’s presumed and projected value. In addition, it has a wide pipeline of likely cancer therapies.

Biotech and medicine – most challenging fields

Biotech and medicine

Plants, perhaps the initial organisms modified by the first biotechnology, remain the topic of intense efforts. These chemicals frequently need dietary minerals, vitamins, and various co factors to do the job. Likewise, there’s a drug in the marketplace with the sole stated purpose of earning eyelashes grow longer, which indicates that one can never completely dismiss a notion. It’s also working to produce treatments for autoimmune disorders. For me, what’s exciting about biotech and medical care investing is the fact that it’s a great deal more challenging. The protection of such products isn’t verified yet, in reality, we are the lab rats to check the protection of such technology.

Wide variety of biotechnology

There’s a wide variety of biotechnology related careers so it is challenging to pin down a particular salary array for everyone with a biotechnology degree. It might be utilized in combination with different medications. For this reason, using probiotics for aquatic organisms aims not just the direct advantage to the animal, but in addition their effect on the farming atmosphere. Probiotics help move food via your gut. You’ve got to consider the long-term potential. It’s always a good point to know and understand the business’s lead drug candidate.

Extensive market

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Technology has played a major role

If you must always find out more about the business’s tech, and that means you understand what they’re attempting to establish. Technology has played a major role in extending the range of the battlefield in addition to its scale. It has always been an important factor in war. It is very similar to mobile phones industry – look what had happened when new motox4 smartphone appears in marketplace. The technology is known as CyberKnife. Depends upon how good the business’s technology is! That method is based on the business’s antibody-drug conjugate technology.

bio tech and medicine

Drugs – significant part of biotechnology

Because drug development is a significant part of biotechnology, understanding the procedure for approval of drugs for sale to the issue is likewise a significant part investing in the biotech industry. Research and development ought to be the solution. Lots of due diligence in regards to biotech isn’t just about the science or tech of the drug. Preliminary studies have shown promising outcomes. Media effects research indicates that for an issue to become salient it has to be covered with higher frequency above a time period.

Investing isn’t gambling. Investors have noticed, states Yook. Still, they have to realize that biotech`s can be very volatile stocks. Some investors suggest it’s safer to stay with the bigger companies the so-called huge Biotech firms which have a few promising drugs in the works in addition to a history of high growth. Basically, it’s always a good idea to let different investors take the dilution, but this is admittedly not always an alternative.

Top innovator in industry

Ideally, you would like a company to get several goods in development. This business is considered a top innovator in its industry. The organization also has many early-stage drug candidates. It’s good to know more about the big pharmaceutical companies, as they are normally those that form partnerships with lots of of small cap biotech stocks. This clinical-stage bio-pharmaceutical company utilizes recombinant nano-particle technology to come up with vaccines for a range of infectious diseases. Massachusetts’ biotech businesses don’t just hire scientists.

Both industries also stand apart in regards to valuation and company evaluation. It is simply a broken market for biotech at the moment. The yearly market for these sorts of drugs is $1.4 billion.

What is Biotechnology?

biotechnology-latest-news

Introduction:

You are probably asking yourself, what is biotechnology? Biotechnology is a branch o science that is based no biology. The main point that biotechnology research and improves is technology to improve our lives and lives of all living things on this planet. More rather, biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes. Biotechnology has a pretty long history in our society. First time when we used biotechnology was 6,000 years ago when we used microorganisms to produce food, such as cheese and bread.

Modern biotechnology:

In today’s modern world, biotechnology has many more applications. We can use it to battle rare diseases, to feed the hungry, to reduce our already too big environmental footprint, to use cleaner energy. Pretty much biotechnology can improve every part of our lives. Today we can find more than 250 biotechnological healthcare products and vaccines that are available to patients all over the world, for many diseases that were untreatable in the past. Biotechnology helped to modernize the agriculture. Now more than 13.3 million farmers all around the world use agricultural biotechnology to improve the quality of grains, to protect them from insects and all kind of pest that used to destroy grains.

 

Why is biotechnology so important?

Without biotechnology, we would not have this world that we live in. Biotechnology vastly improved our quality of life, our way of life. Without biotechnology, we would probably still have the same health problems from the 19th century. Biotechnology defined 20th and 21st century and the way that we live our lives. We need to protect biotechnology from all the people who oppose the progress of the science as a whole. Because without the science we would not have the world as it is.

History of Biotechnology:

As we said in the introduction, biotechnology started around 6,000 years ago when we started to use microorganisms to produce food. Egyptians used yeast to brew the beer. Mostly in the past biotechnology was used for agriculture. Luis Pastiere was the first person to discover the inner workings of biotechnology, more precisely the way how fermentation works. In the 20th century, biotechnology started to develop exponentially. Nowadays biotechnology is used pretty much in every sphere of biology, agriculture, pharmaceutic and etc. Biotechnology has become a big part of our everyday life.

Conclusion:

Without biotechnology, we would not have the world that we have today. Biotechnology is one of the most important science branches for which many people didn`t heard about. It affects our lives directly and also affects the whole living nature around us. Many of us would not be alive without biotechnology. Just think about it, how many times you were sick, had a flue or lung inflammation? Without biotechnology, you wouldn`t survive this diseases. But now those diseases are just minor annoyances. So next time you get sick, eat bread or dairy products remember that all of those accommodations had come from our understanding and use of biotechnology. And believe us, we have still a lot to discover and improve to mak

Is Job In Biotechnology Good For You?

biotechnology-jobs

Biotechnology

You searched all around the web, find all kind of courses connected to the biotechnology. Many of them are interesting to you and in the future you see yourself in one of those positions. But now you are asking yourself. Is a job in biotechnology really good for you? Will it give me all the opportunities that I want?  Will this job make me happy and fulfilled? If you want an answer to those questions fell free to continue to read the article.

Is it something you love?

First, you should ask yourself do you really love the biotechnology? Would you really be able to work in those fields? Do you see your future in those fields? There are many tempting things when you are choosing the job, salary, work environment, work ethics and etc. If pretty much everything works for you then you should definitely give it a go. But is the job in the biotechnology really goof for you?

We can say without a mouth that job in biotechnology is perfect for any person who loves science, all fields connected to the biotechnology, for hard working people, and for ethical people. Because the nature of the job sometimes can really depend on the ethical stance of people. No one likes to be called „crazy scientist“ or „greedy pharmaceutical“ that is why being ethical is very important when working in those kinds of fields. Also, you need to be a hard working person. You need to show your will to work, to educate yourself, to learn from your mistakes and mistakes of others.  This calling definitely is not for the lazy people, people who aren`t willing to learn and to educate them self further for the needs of the job.

Is it something you’d work hard for?

Also, you need to be ready to fight for your workplace. There are a lot of need for highly educated people wich main field falls under the biotechnology, but at the same time, there are a lot of people that would have same qualifications as you and the same will for getting the same job. This is where your hard work comes in place, you need to show to your employer why you are a perfect candidate for the job. So no chance that lazy person would be even considered for the job position.

By working in the field connected to biotechnology paycheck would be, let’s just say very stimulant. But don`t make the paycheck only reason why you want to get the job in biotechnology because without pure motivations you won`t last long on given position. Because without pure motivation you would only do job somewhat passable, and with time you would get fired, as it would happen to you on any other job position.

So, is the job biotechnology good for you? Yes, it is, if you want to make the world a better place, if you want to cure the diseases, if you want to improve agriculture then biotechnology is a perfect calling for you and one that will make you feel great about yourself.

Best Biotechnology courses for your future

biotechnology-courses

Introduction:

So you decided to take a biotechnology course, but now you ask yourself: „Which biotechnology courses are the best? Which one would be the best one for me?“ In this article, we will tell you all about the best biotechnology courses that you can take. And hopefully, we will help you to decide which course would be the best one for you. There are many biotechnology courses nowadays. Pretty much you have endless options, but it’s up to you to take one and to stick to it. So let’s start.

 Master of Biotechnology – Macquarie University:

The Master of Biotechnology will give you an advanced knowledge of advanced molecular biotechnology, molecular biology, protein biochemistry, proteomics and applied microbiology. Also, this course will give you additional offers to advance your critical thinking, writing for peer-reviewed scientific literature and experimental design.

This course is suitable for people who are already working in biotechnology area, or for people who want to advance their knowledge in the biotechnology area.  And for those who want to gain an understanding of a multidisciplinary approach to biotechnology in practice and research.

 MSc Evolutionary Systems Biology – University of Vienna

The university of Vienna is one of the best options for you if you look to master evolutionary biology. It features huge data sets of DNA/RNA sequences, also features a 4D imaging and geometric morphometrics. With this course, you would be able to find a job in pretty much any biotech company. Because biotech companies are looking for people who can use collected data to solve all kinds of biological and medical problems.

This would be a unique experience for every newcomer to the Vienna. The university of Vienna is one of the oldest universities in the world. You will get the best possible education and enjoy the beauty of the Vienna itself. All courses are in English and German, so you won`t need to learn a new language.

Master in Medical Biotechnology – KTH Royal Institute of Technology

With this Master`s  programme, you will learn all about cutting-edge techniques used in molecular biology, with special emphasis on medical applications. Every student will be provided with the best education in which technology, biology, and chemistry are combined. You will be prepared to continue your career internationally.

After finishing the collage, you will be able to pursue your career medical technology, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical industry, or maybe continue academic studies. All of this options give you the chance to get pretty much any job connected to the biotechnology. So if you are interested in working in any of this fields then Master in Medical Biotechnology is right for you.

Conclusion:

There are many courses that you can take if you are interested in working in the field of biotechnology. With time there will be even more job opportunities around the world because of the exponential rise of the biotechnology and the use of the same in pretty much all of the branches of natural science.